What is education obligation?
In order to be able to get a job in Sweden today you often need an education. In this podcast we will explain why this is so and you will find out what education obligation is. You will also learn who has an education obligation, what to do if you have an education obligation and how to get money in the meantime. We also give more information that will be of use for you who have an education obligation.Guest: Jessica Leander, Swedish public employment service. Host: Johanna Pålsson. Recording technician: Per-Göran Nordström.
Transcripton of Arbetsförmedlingens Ny i Sverige-podd: What is education obligation?
Intro music (FIRST STEP MUSIC)
In Sweden there is something called an
education obligation, but what does that actually mean?
And who has an education obligation and
what should you do if you have this education obligation?
In this episode, you'll get answers to your questions.
We are visited by Jessica Leander of the
Swedish Public Employment Service.
She will tell you everything you need to
know about the education obligation.
Let's talk about the education obligation. I'm joined in the studio
by Jessica Leander, who works for the Swedish Public
Employment Service. Jessica knows a lot about the education
obligation. Welcome, Jessica.
And before we start talking more about the education obligation,
it might be good to know what it is. So what is
the education obligation?
Well, it's a bit of a difficult term.
Obligation means that it's something you have to do.
Anyone with an education obligation must start studying.
The education obligation exists so that a person who has
recently come to Sweden will find it easier to get a job.
It's easier to get a job in Sweden if you have an education
Yes, that's very true.
In Sweden you need to have an education or vocational
training in order to be able to work in many professions.
For example, you need an education to work as
an assistant nurse or a carpenter.
OK, great, so now we know a little bit more. Now
I thought we'd talk about who has an education obligation.
Can you tell us a little bit about that?
Yes, the education obligation applies to certain persons
in the establishment programme. The education obligation
applies only to people who have received a brief education
in their home country and only if the Public Employment
Service believes that the person will therefore not be able
to get a job during the period in which she or he participates
in the establishment programme.
But what does a brief education mean?
By a brief education, we mean that you have not completed
a secondary school education.
Maybe you left your secondary school before you had
completed your education there.
Or perhaps you only went to school for a few years
or never went to school at all.
OK, so what happens now if you have an education obligation?
When you participate in the establishment programme,
you participate in activities. If you have an education obligation,
this means that most of your activities will involve studying.
In this case you will study SFI, Swedish for Immigrants,
social orientation and studies at the primary or secondary
level at Komvux or at folk high school, folkhögskola.
OK, so, well, do you want to tell me a little more about Komvux
and this folk high school?
Komvux is the municipality, kommuner, adult education service,
so it's an education programme for adults.
Folkhögskola is also a school for adults.
At Komvux or at folkhögskola, you can study the subjects
that people in Sweden learn about in primary or secondary
school. One example of such a subject is mathematics.
Your studies might also involve vocational training or a course
where you increase your digital skills. In a digital skills course
you will learn more about how to use a computer or the internet.
Great. Now I thought we would talk about what happens
if you have an education obligation. How do I know which
courses I should attend?
When you contact your municipality, you can work together
with a caseworker to make a plan for which courses
you should attend. It's different for different persons.
It also depends on which municipality you live in.
Different municipalities have different courses.
OK, and what is vocational training?
Vocational training is an adult education programme
where you learn a profession.
After the training you can work in that profession.
OK, that sounds good. And what are the different types
of vocational training?
There are many different ones. It might be a training
programme to become an assistant nurse or
construction worker or chef, for example.
Right, and at Komvux, like you mentioned,
you can also take other courses than vocational training.
You mentioned mathematics and digital skills before,
but what other kinds of courses might there be at Komvux?
Well, there might be English, Swedish or social studies courses.
There are also courses that deal with working life
and the labour market in Sweden. There are a few examples,
for example, it may be that you take different courses
such as mathematics and English and then later attend
a vocational training programme.
Yes, because you often take other courses before you start
your vocational training.
But is it not the case that many people want to start
their vocational training straightaway so that they can
get a job quickly? So why is that you often take
other courses at Komvux before you can start
your vocational training?
Yes, that's true. A lot of people think that way.
The courses at Komvux will help you to increase your
knowledge and prepare you for the vocational
training programme that you will attend later.
Sometimes it's not possible to start your vocational
training right away.
And many people probably also think that they do not
really need an education or vocational training at all.
They think they want to get a job as soon as possible,
and it's good to want to get a job quickly,
but what is your view on this?
Yes, of course it is good that you want to get a job quickly,
and it's true that it takes a while to educate yourself,
but in Sweden most jobs require you to have an education
or vocational training.
For example, you need an education in order to be able
to work as an assistant nurse, a childminder or a carpenter.
If you do not have an education, you can only apply for
a few percent of all available jobs.
All the other jobs require education or vocational training,
either a secondary education or vocational training.
If you don't have an education, there's a good chance
you will be remain unemployed for a long time.
Of course, there's still a chance that you can get a job,
even if you do not have an education or vocational training,
but we know that many people who get a job without having
an education often become unemployed again soon.
It sounds like an education or vocational training
is still the fastest way to get a job in Sweden,
even though it takes a while to educate yourself.
But how long do you need to study in order to get a job?
The amount of time it takes can vary a great deal,
so it's impossible to answer that question.
But when you contact your municipality, you will find out
which courses they have and which one you can attend,
and then you'll know a little bit more about how long
it may take.
OK, so then it's the municipality you should contact
if you want to know what courses you can take. All right.
But then when you start studying, how does it work
with the money? Do you get money when you study in order
to meet your education obligation?
Yes, you get money because you're participating
in the establishment programme, so you continue to apply
as usual for the establishment compensation
from the Swedish social insurance agency, Försäkringskassan.
Well, that sounds straightforward. Now we're about
to finish up here, but just one last question for you, Jessica.
Where can you turn if you have questions about the education
You can always call the Public Employment Service at
your phone number, 0771416416. If you're participating
in the establishment programme, you can call this number
as well, 0771860100. On the website of the Public
Employment Service you can see our phone numbers
and how you get in touch with us.
All right, super. Thank you for that information. Well, that was
the last question I had, and now we know a lot about
the education obligation. Thank you so much, Jessica,
for being here today and telling us all about this.
Thank you for inviting me.
You've been listening to the Swedish Public Employment
Service's New In Sweden podcast, with Jessica Leander
and me, Johanna Pålsson. Sounding engineer was